Frequently Asked Questions

Specifics of international private law.

Investment migration is a form of legal migration used by over 80 sovereign states globally. Investment migration comprises various citizenship and residence by investment programs which allow individuals to gain citizenship or residence rights in return for investments in their host countries. These programs are often structured around entrepreneurship potential, Business, or Real Estate Investment.

Benefits to Host Countries and Wider Society Host countries benefit not only from the establishment of new businesses and an inflow of highly skilled individuals, but also from meaningful financial contributions to society and culture. For many host countries, such as those in the Caribbean, investment migration is critical in funding key government activities such as disaster relief and social programs.

Everyone has their own reasons to invest in permanent residence or a second citizenship. People choose to invest in second residence to increase their worldwide mobility and benefit from high living standards and high level of education and healthcare. Ultra-high and high net worth individuals choose to acquire residence/citizenship by investment to protect their assets, provide better life for their families and benefit from 100% confidentiality and privacy offered by investment programs in most countries.

All the investments across the globe carry some inherent risk, so in a way, there are no guarantees on any investment. The safest investments like Government Treasury Bills or Bank Fixed Deposits also carry financial risk, but the risks are far lower compared to any equity investment.

Most investments offered as part of the residency or citizenship by investment program are real estate investments, and carry the associated risk of any real estate asset class in that specific country. However, RCG has an extensive suite of investment options, tirelessly researched, to ensure as much risk is mitigated as possible.

Depending on the country, the minimum number of days you need to stay in the country may be as low as 7 days to as high as 187 days in a calendar year.

Visa-free travel is when you are permitted to cross certain borders without a visa. Golden Visas and citizenship by investment can mean you are entitled to visa-free travel in specific areas. For example, having a European passport can grant you visa-free travel within the Schengen Zone.

The Citizenship by Investment (CBI) is the process of acquiring fast track citizenship and passport by making investments. These investments can be in the form of donation or in real estate usually starts from $100,000. Family members also receive the citizenship perk. Although the CBI schemes have existed since 1980’s, the popularity picked up only after 2010, due to the rapid rise of globalization, tourism and more people wanting freedom of movement without visas.

A Golden Visa is a residency permit which is granted to individuals who invest in a residency-by-investment program. Investors are given a visa for a determined period of time, and can usually renew as long as they maintain their initial investment.

While rules vary from country to country, typically Residency (referring to Permanent Residency) gives rights to live, work, reside in a particular country. Residency usually does not include the rights of a citizen like voting, government jobs, government subsidies/loans/benefits. While as a citizen, one has all the rights as any normal citizen of that country has.

Yes it is; the entire process is confidential

Yes, some countries offer a “fast-track” option; however, additional fees may apply.

Many countries do not require you to relocate to obtain a residency permit. Portugal requires Golden Visa holders to spend seven days in the country each year, whereas Cyprus requires a visit once every two years.

There are certain requirements that must be fulfilled under all citizenship by investment programs, such as investing in one of the approved options or projects, passing due diligence checks, as well as a clean criminal record and good health.

Some countries have different residency and visitation requirements as well as the requirement as for how long the investment must be maintained before it can be recovered. Every CBI program offers citizenship to family members of the main applicant based on their eligibility and age, and these requirements vary from program to program.

The amount of time it takes to obtain citizenship depends on the country and the citizenship by investment program. In Cyprus and Malta, the process takes less than six months. In Portugal, investors can obtain citizenship in five years, and in Spain it takes around ten years. For obtaining citizenship in the Caribbean like Grenada or Saint Kitts and Nevis, you can get a second passport anywhere from three months onwards.

Obtaining a citizenship via a Citizenship by Investment program enjoys the same rights and privileges as any other citizen.


Citizenship-by-Investment provides families with the privilege of acquiring an alternative citizenship, which in turn gives them the right to travel freely to various destinations and to settle in another country.

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Residence-by-investment programs provide high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) with the option to live, work, study, and receive healthcare in a new country of residence.

Gaining the ability to change residence to another country is an increasingly important option for many of our private clients.

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